Exchange Server creates an EDB file to store the mailbox data like emails, contacts, calendars, notes, tasks, etc. The Exchange Server uses extensible Storage Engine (ESE) to read the data from the EDB file. We can say EDB file as the central repository where data of every mailbox of Exchange Server is stored.
What is the Full Form of Exchange EDB File?
EDB file stands for Extensible Storage Engine Database File, which uses B-Tree data structure to access the data efficiently. This EDB file stores the messages and data sent and received by Outlook, and that is why the EDB file is sometimes referred to as the MAPI-Based Database.
Different Types of EDB Files?
Priv.EDB: Whole private communications between mailboxes are stored in the Priv.EDB file.
Pub.EDB: The Pub.edb file stores public communication like messages shared to a public group.
STM File: The STM file stands for Streaming Database and stores the multimedia content.
Priv.edb, Pub.edb and STM files are used in the Exchange Server 2000 and 2003. In Exchange Server 2007 and 2010, Priv.edb file is replaced with MailboxDatabase.edb and Pub.edb file is replaced with PublicFolderDatabase.edb
With the release of Exchange Server 2013, both these files (MailboxDatabase.edb and PublicFolderDatabase.edb) are merged with the single file named as MailboxDatabase.edb and now only one file is used to store all this data.
What is the location of the EDB file format?
A different version of Exchange Servers Stores EDB file at a different location. Below is the default location of the EDB file based on the Exchange Server versions:
Exchange Server 2019/2016/2013
The default location of Exchange Server 2019, 2016, and 2013 is
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V15\Mailbox\Mailbox database name
Exchange Server 2010
Exchange 2010 stores the private and public data in two different files whose Location is given below:
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Mailbox Database\Mailbox Database.edb
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Public Folder Database\Public Folder Database.edb
Exchange Server 2007
Same as Exchange Server 2010, Exchange 2007 also stores the data in two different files. Here is the location of both of these files.
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Mailbox\First Storage Group\Mailbox Database.edb
C:\Program\Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\Mailbox\First Storage Group\Public Folder Database.edb
Exchange Server 2000 & 2003
Here is the default location of Exchange 2000 and 2003 EDB files.
Drive C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA\Priv1.edb
Drive C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA\Pub1.edb
How to Open EDB file without Exchange Server
So now you have learned about EDB file format, and you might have a question in your mind: How to open this EDB file without Exchange Server. Opening an EDB file without an exchange server is not as easy as it seems. Here are a few applications that you can use to open the EDB file content without Exchange Server
- MailsDaddy EDB to PST Converter
- MailsDaddy Exchange Server Suite
Here is this article we have discussed EDB file extension and how to open an edb file without Exchange Server. Hope the information mentioned above is helpful to you. If you need any other information related to EDB and Exchange Server, kindly comment below. We would be happy to help you.